In general quarrying of clay minerals in Helwan clay quarry (10349) resulted in several actual and predicted environmental problems that can affect the biodiversity in the area. These problems related to the large amounts of produced clay dust, contaminated groundwater which fill the quarry and lack of clear identification of the present fauna and/or flora and their life systems. Clay dust is considered as one of the main sources of air pollution which affects the health of the present animal and has physical effects on the plants as blocking and damaging their internal structures and abrasion of leaves and cuticles. The interaction between groundwater and rock units of the area resulted in contamination of the groundwater by sulfate, carbonate, total hardness, chlorate, and TDS. Such types of polluted water have a very bad side effect on the living systems including plants, animals, and humans. The aim of our project is to (1) make clear identification of the present animals and plants with more detail about the requirements of their living style, (2) detailed hydorgeochemical studies for the present ground water which fill the quarry and their suitability for the living animals and plants, (3) detect the wind direction and climate of the area for possible growth of tree for dust, (4) possible environmental and industrial application of clay quarrying by products, and (5) set new technologies for in situ remediations for the contaminated ground water in the area

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