Larix is the genus of woody plants of the Pinaceae family, one of the most widespread species of coniferous trees. Needles fall annually for the winter. The word Larix as a scientific name was introduced into the literature long before Karl Linnaeus, at the beginning of the 16th century. The origin of it is not entirely clear. Some authors believe that this is the Gallic name for the resin, or whether it produces it from the Celtic lar - abundant, rich (very resinous). According to others, this word comes from the Latin laridum, lardum - fat, because of the great resinity of the trees. Karl Linnaeus is a species epithet, which Miller used as a generic name, separating the larch from the pines. In favorable conditions it grows rapidly. Up to the age of 20 is able to add a year from 50 to 100 cm.
- Under favorable conditions, it grows to 50 meters or more in height with a trunk diameter of up to 1 meter or more.
- Larix is resistant to spring frosts, very resistant to low winter temperatures. In the north, it can withstand temperatures below -70 ° C
- Larix is an extremely light-loving tree, does not renew and does not grow in shading.