Description: 

Limestone is extracted in Măgura Feredeului (Baița Crăciunești) quarry through open mining works.

Limestone has a reef-like nature, of white-yellowish color, fine granular crystalline structure, with karst cavities on some parts and cracks filled with residual clay.

The relief is typically of mountain made up of massive peaks by karst shapes.

The hydrographic network is represented by Valea Căianului, an affluent of Mureş River and a collector of Peştera and Ormindea brooks.

The exploitation perimeter is located on  the territory of three villages: Peștera, Ormindea and Crăciunești and has an area of 164,4 ha.

The environmental rehabilitation works aim at harmonizing the surface of the rehabilitated lands with the natural surroundings in the immediate vicinity, increasing the land stability and avoiding surface erosion.

The quarry is situated at about 1 km of ROSCI0110 - Măgurile Băiței reserve.

 

Topographical description: 

Băița Crăciunești Quarry is situated on the territory of 3 villages: Peștera, Ormindea and Crăciunești, which belong to Băița commune, Hunedoara County, about 27 km North from Deva. 

Coordinates:

Latitude: 46.820993º

Longitude: 22.864626º

Habitat, flora & fauna description: 

The area is characterized by the presence of a natural reserve (120 ha) of mixed landscape, speleological and floristic interest, including the massifs of Măgura Băiței, Gherghelea and Măgura Crăciunești.

There are 3 types of habitat of national interest in the area: South-Eastern Carpathian meadows of Asperula capitata and Sesleria rigida, South-Eastern Carpathian forests of ash – Fraxinus excelsior, sycamore – Acer pseudoplantanus, Wych elm – Ulmus glabra with Lunaria rediviva, caves, and 4 types of habitats of community interest: mountainous grasslands, rocky flanks with chasmophitic vegetation on calcareous rocks, forests of Tilio-Acerion on steep flanks, detritus and cloughs, Dacian forests of oak and hornbeam.

The vegetation is specific to forests with deciduous plants, and durmast in combination with beech. The Eastern and Southern flanks are rocky, with poor vegetation.

Of plant species, the following were identified at the beginning of summer: Iris pseudacorus, Iris Sibirica, Centaurea atropurpurea, Jurinea glycacantha, Cephalanthera damasonium, Euphorbia cyparissias, Fritillaria Montana.

It includes 22 species of national interest: Bufo bufo, Hyla arborea, Rana dalmatina, Salamandra salamandra, Helix pomatia, Masculinea alcon, Masculinea arion, Zerynthia polyxena, Capreolus capreolus, Felis silvestris, Meles meles, Mustela nivalis, Mustela putorius, Myotis blythii omari, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Anguis fragilis, Coronela austriaca, Lacerta agilis, Lacerta viridis, Natrix natrix, Podarcis muralis, Vipera ammodytes and 3 species of community interest: Rhinolophus hipposideros, Lycaena dispar, Euphydryas aurinia.